Anda sedang membaca tafsir untuk sekelompok ayat dari 42:45 hingga 42:50
وَتَرٰىهُمْ
یُعْرَضُوْنَ
عَلَیْهَا
خٰشِعِیْنَ
مِنَ
الذُّلِّ
یَنْظُرُوْنَ
مِنْ
طَرْفٍ
خَفِیٍّ ؕ
وَقَالَ
الَّذِیْنَ
اٰمَنُوْۤا
اِنَّ
الْخٰسِرِیْنَ
الَّذِیْنَ
خَسِرُوْۤا
اَنْفُسَهُمْ
وَاَهْلِیْهِمْ
یَوْمَ
الْقِیٰمَةِ ؕ
اَلَاۤ
اِنَّ
الظّٰلِمِیْنَ
فِیْ
عَذَابٍ
مُّقِیْمٍ
۟
وَمَا
كَانَ
لَهُمْ
مِّنْ
اَوْلِیَآءَ
یَنْصُرُوْنَهُمْ
مِّنْ
دُوْنِ
اللّٰهِ ؕ
وَمَنْ
یُّضْلِلِ
اللّٰهُ
فَمَا
لَهٗ
مِنْ
سَبِیْلٍ
۟ؕ
اِسْتَجِیْبُوْا
لِرَبِّكُمْ
مِّنْ
قَبْلِ
اَنْ
یَّاْتِیَ
یَوْمٌ
لَّا
مَرَدَّ
لَهٗ
مِنَ
اللّٰهِ ؕ
مَا
لَكُمْ
مِّنْ
مَّلْجَاٍ
یَّوْمَىِٕذٍ
وَّمَا
لَكُمْ
مِّنْ
نَّكِیْرٍ
۟
فَاِنْ
اَعْرَضُوْا
فَمَاۤ
اَرْسَلْنٰكَ
عَلَیْهِمْ
حَفِیْظًا ؕ
اِنْ
عَلَیْكَ
اِلَّا
الْبَلٰغُ ؕ
وَاِنَّاۤ
اِذَاۤ
اَذَقْنَا
الْاِنْسَانَ
مِنَّا
رَحْمَةً
فَرِحَ
بِهَا ۚ
وَاِنْ
تُصِبْهُمْ
سَیِّئَةٌ
بِمَا
قَدَّمَتْ
اَیْدِیْهِمْ
فَاِنَّ
الْاِنْسَانَ
كَفُوْرٌ
۟
لِلّٰهِ
مُلْكُ
السَّمٰوٰتِ
وَالْاَرْضِ ؕ
یَخْلُقُ
مَا
یَشَآءُ ؕ
یَهَبُ
لِمَنْ
یَّشَآءُ
اِنَاثًا
وَّیَهَبُ
لِمَنْ
یَّشَآءُ
الذُّكُوْرَ
۟ۙ
اَوْ
یُزَوِّجُهُمْ
ذُكْرَانًا
وَّاِنَاثًا ۚ
وَیَجْعَلُ
مَنْ
یَّشَآءُ
عَقِیْمًا ؕ
اِنَّهٗ
عَلِیْمٌ
قَدِیْرٌ
۟
3

Commentary

The earlier three of the above verses state the end of those people who, as against the virtuous Muslims, remained desirous of the delights and luxuries of this world, instead of caring about the Hereafter. Then in verse 47, they have been advised to repent and embrace faith before the scourge of Doomsday comes upon them. Thereafter, in verse 48, the Holy Prophet ﷺ has been comforted and assured that if these people do not come to their senses, despite your preaching again and again, and despite your tireless efforts, then you should not worry: فَإِنْ أَعْرَ‌ضُوا فَمَا أَرْ‌سَلْنَاكَ عَلَيْهِمْ حَفِيظًا "So, if they turn away, then We did not send you as a supervisor over them. You are not responsible but for conveying the message" - 48.

Verses 49 and 50 state the absolute power and perfect wisdom of Allah Ta’ ala in the creation of this universe in which He has no partner, and then mankind has been called to believe in the Oneness of Allah. In this regard, after stating the creation of the earth and the heavens, Allah Almighty has stated a fact about His power in verse 49, خْلُقُ مَا يَشَاءُ (He creates what He wills.) to indicate that He has absolute Power to create anything small or big. He creates whatever He wills whenever He wills. In this context, creation of mankind has been mentioned by saying, "He grants females to whom He wills, and grants males to whom He wills. Or He combines for them couples, both males and females, and makes whom He wills barren. Surely He is All-Knowing, Very Powerful. (49-50) " It means that nobody's intention or authority has anything to do in the creation of a human being, nor does anybody have its knowledge. What to say of anybody else, even the intention or choice of the parents, who are the apparent agents of the creation of a human beings, does not have any bearing on the child's creation. Let alone having a say in the child's creation, the mother does not even know before the child is born as to what is being formed in her womb, and how it is being processed.

It is Allah Ta’ ala alone who grants female children to whom He wills, and male children to whom He wills; to some He grants both male and female children, and He renders some females barren who do not have any children.

While stating the sex of children in this verse, Allah Ta’ ala has mentioned females first, and males later. Taking a hint from this verse, Sayyidna Wathilah Ibn Asqa' ؓ has said that blessed is the woman who gives birth to a daughter first. (Qurtubi)